The Blind Dniester riverbank and the history of its formation begin in the XIXth century in the meadow between the villages of Copanca, Talmaza and Leuntea located in the districts of Căuşeni and Ştefan Vodă. The bank has the shape of a horseshoe with multiple bends, having a length of 43 kilometers. It is an important natural monument, which, unfortunately, to this day, remains unprotected.
The Blind Dniester riverbank has provided food to the locals living in the area during the famine of 1946-1947. However, since the 1960s, fauna and flora of the region has rapidly declined in number and diversity of species.
The Soviet regime has ordered floodplains to be capitalized so that no wildland would exist. The artificial connection of the old riverbed with the Dniester River has become very weak, which prevented the water from flowing from the river to the old riverbed during periods of moderate floods. In order to improve the condition of the Blind Dniester bank and to ensure its water supply, during April 2018 – February 2019, the Ecological Society “BIOTICA” implemented the project “Contribution to Wetland Rehabilitation: Pilot Project for the Blind Dniester riverbank”.
The project was financed with the money received from the SDC-ADA Project “Strengthening the institutional framework in the water and sanitation sector in the Republic of Moldova (Phase 01)”.
The following works were carried out:
Cleaning and repairing the lock at the pumping station in Talmaza village;
Cleaning the portion of the channel connecting the Dniester River with its old riverbed in order to unlock the flow of water passing from the Dniester River to the Blind Dniester bank. This has been possible thanks to the entrepreneurs from Talmaza village, Grădinița Village Hall and the Council of Ştefan Vodă district, who have co-financed the project.
Meetings concerning the Blind Dniester and the need to protect it were organized in Talmaza, Copanca and Grădinița. The legality of irrigation and land work done in the region were also discussed. As a result of this campaign, new points related to the Blind Dniester riverbank were added to the development programs of the Talmaza and Grădinița villages.
The project has improved the connection between the Dniester River and its old bed, contributing to the waters reaching the Blind Dniester bank and preventing its fast degradation.