Management Plan for Lower Dniester Ramsar Site

  1. Introduction

Art. 82 (2) of the Law no. on the fund  of natural areas protected by state (1538-XIII of 25.021998), provides that the lands of the wetland of international importance remain at the disposal of the holders, their management being carried out according to the management plans and Framework Regulation of the wetlands of international importance.

The Framework Regulation of the wetlands of international importance (No. 665 of 14.06.2007) provides that the basic principles (11) of the management of the Ramsar Sites are:

– preventing the negative effects of economic activity on Ramsar Sites;

– supporting and encouraging rational use of the Ramsar Sites, their conservation and sustainable development;

– conducting the necessary actions to preserve and improve the biological diversity of the Ramsar sites.

  1. The importance of the territory

The territory contains various floodplain biotopes. Of particular importance are the old beds of Dniester of different ages, important for birds and other fauna of wetlands. Old poplar forests, which have almost not been preserved in Europe, maintain numerous protected bats species. Ash meadow forests are an ecosystem of pan-European concern, and high-grassy meadows represent a very rare ecosystem in the region. The landscape elements are extremely varied, among which can be mentioned the system of meanders of the Dniester River and its old river bed (preserved for a length of 32 km). About 100 archaeological monuments are known on the site territory.

 

Due to the territory complexity, many rare species of plants, invertebrates and vertebrates are registered here; there is a great diversity of birds: 80% of the fauna of birds met in Moldova, 72% of the mammalian species living in the country, there are very rare invertebrate species.

  1. Management perspectives objectives

Formation of the protection regime of the Ramsar Site in accordance with its zoning, protection, preservation and restoration of natural complexes, landscapes and natural-historical objects.

Strengthening the management, use and restoration of natural resources, aimed at preserving biological and landscape diversity as a whole with the sustainable development of the economy.

Conservation of habitats and natural communities typical of the Lower Dniester region, its floristic, faunistic, cenotic and genetic diversity, especially of endangered species at worldwide, European and national levels.

Improvement of the hydrological regime of the territory by restoring and regulating the connection of the main natural (Dniester) and transformed systems (Dniester Old riverbed, Talmaza Meadow, the territories of the meanders of Dniester and adjacent to Turunciuc).

Carrying out measures to contribute to a maximum richness and diversity of species in the natural territorial complexes and on the territory as a whole, restoring and developing the resources of steppe ecosystems, special measures related to vulnerable and targets groups of animals and plants, especially rare and attractive species.

Formation of areas systems of reconstructed natural, semi-natural and manmade grasslands, including by extension of the surface, ensuring the restoration of biodiversity and sustainability of steppe ecosystems, increasing their productivity as pastures and genetic reserves.

Restoring natural forest communities and building the ratio between natural and artificial plantations that is acceptable from the point of view of biodiversity and forestry production, taking into account climate changes; fighting with invasive aggressive species, creation and/or reconstruction of forest margins areas and planting there fruit and berry species.

Transition to a sustainable forest management in line with international and European standards, and getting a balance between short, medium and long-term forest management goals, taking into account nature protection tasks and economic efficiency, progressive use of the economic benefits from the non-timber values ​​of forests.

Mitigation of climate change consequences, defragmentation of natural ecosystems and improvement of agro-ecological basis through the formation in the area of the National Ecological Network of Moldova as a sector of the Pan-European Ecological Network (in particular of the Dniester Biological corridor of international importance), for the implementation of national and international legislation provisions.

Promoting the economically and ecologically justified development of agriculture and sustainable use of agro-biodiversity resources, contributing to the preservation of soils and, as far as possible, restoring the soil cover, supporting anti-erosion activities.

Developing social and commercial tourism, contributing to the stimulation of the social-ecological development on the territory of the Ramsar Site and in the adjacent area.

Informational support of the important ecological and social directions of the site development, the transition to a sustainable use of natural resources on it, including through popularization of knowledge about nature and native land, the development of collaboration, first of all with the Nijnednestrovsk national natural park (Ukraine).

The strategic objectives, which are of particular importance for the biological diversity and the preservation of its values ​​in an international context:

  • Formation of the local ecological network and the fragment of the ecological corridor of international concern of the Pan-European Ecological Network, including forest, grassland and meadow ecosystems; creating a system of forest belts and ecological corridors for connecting the forest sectors into a network, improving the agroecological parameters of the territory, protection of soil and of local hydrological network.
  • Ecological reconstruction of the Old riverbed of Dniester River and Talmaza Meadow to regulate the hydrological regime.
  • Creating an attractive image of the territory and attract investment for tourism development and other related activities for the local people.
  • Creating and developing collaboration tools between the local population, local authorities and business representatives, supporting population cooperation in areas related to the sustainable use of natural resources.
  • The creation of the Lower Dniester National Park as a body to achieve these objectives, and afterward the biosphere reserve, preferably cross-border one